A comparison of the reactivity of different synthetic calcium carbonate minerals with arsenic oxyanions
This study was conducted to determine how the structure and surface chemistry of bulk CaCO3 differs from that of nanometer-sized CaCO3 and then to determine rate, extent and mechanisms of As adsorption on various synthetic CaCO3 materials. Additionally, we sought to devise a chemical CaCO3 precipitate that approximates biogenic CaCO3. The bulk CaCO3 precipitation was performed by using a solution that was highly oversaturated so that large CaCO3 precipitates rapidly form. Two different methods were employed for the synthesis of nanometer size CaCO3 i) an in situ deposition technique and ii) an interfacial reaction (water in oil emulsion). Mineral characterization of all CaCO3 precipitates was done with Nitrogen Porosimetry (Brunauer Emmett Teller method), particle size analysis, X-ray diffraction and Fourier Transform Infrared/ Fourier Transform Raman spectroscopy. The principal objective of the research was to assess the overall reactivity of As(III) and As(V) with different synthetic CaCO3 minerals. This was accomplished by i) running adsorption isotherms (varying As concentration), ii) measuring pH envelopes (varying pH at a fixed concentration) and iii) kinetic experiments (varying reaction time). Also, electrophoretic mobility experiments were performed in the presence of As(III) and As(V), and these studies revealed that As(III) forms stronger inner-sphere complexes with CaCO3 than As(V). Also, it was found that nanometer-sized CaCO3 prepared via deposition formed stronger inner-sphere complexes with As oxyanions (q = 5.26 µmol/m2) compared to either nano-sized CaCO3 from interfacial reactions (q = 4.51 µmol/m2) or bulk CaCO3 (q = 4.39 µmol/m2). The PEG-based nano CaCO3 prepared by an in-situ deposition technique presents a novel and readily available synthesis route that can be used as proxy for the biogenic CaCO3 known to be present in many different environmental conditions. The results of this study suggest that CaCO3 can be used as a sorbent for As in groundwater.
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
SupervisorPeak, J. Derek
CommitteePaige, Matthew F.; Anderson, Darwin W.; Wilson, Lee D.
Bulk and Nanosized Calcium Carbonate
As(III) and As(V) oxyanions
In situ deposition and Interfacial method
Particle Size Analysis
Mobility and Toxicity of Arsenic