High aspect ratio transmission lines and filters
Jayatilaka, Himal Chandika
There are a significant number of microwave applications, where improvement of such qualities as manufacturing costs, size, weight, power consumption, etc. have attracted much research interest. In order to meet these requirements, new technologies can be actively involved in fabrication of microwave components with improved characteristics. One such fabrication technology is called LIGA (a German acronym with an English translation of lithography, electroforming, and moulding) that allows fabrication of high aspect ratio (tall) structures, and only recently is receiving growing attention in microwave component fabrication. The characteristics of high aspect ratio microstrip and coplanar waveguide (CPW) transmission lines are investigated in this thesis. Very low impedance high aspect ratio CPW transmission lines can be realized. A high aspect ratio microstrip folded half wavelength open loop resonator is introduced. Effective configurations for external and bypass gap coupling with open loop resonators are given. Filters with transmission zeros in the stopband, consisting of high aspect ratio single mode open loop resonators are presented to demonstrate the advantages of high aspect ratio structures in realizing lower external quality factors or tight coupling. The transmission zeros are created by novel coupling routings. Some of the filters are fabricated and the filter responses are measured to validate high aspect ratio coupling structures. High aspect ratio diplexers with increased channel isolation are also designed by appropriately combining filters with transmission zeros. A wideband bandpass filter design method, based on the electromagnetic bandgap (EBG) concept is introduced in this thesis. The wideband filters are miniaturized as a result of using the EBG concept in design. An EBG based wideband filter consisting of unit cells that are realized by using high aspect ratio CPW stepped impedance resonators is also presented. The main advantage of this approach is that the high aspect ratio CPW structures make short unit cells practically realizable, resulting in compact filter structure.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
CommitteeYu, M.; Achenbach, S.; Kasao, S.O.; Nguyen, H.; Bradley, M.
Copyright DateNovember 2009
Deep X-ray Lithography