The nutritional value of oat forages for dairy cows
Abeysekara, Abeysekara Wannaku Arachchige Saman
Three studies were conducted to evaluate the nutritional value of different oat (Avena sativa) forage cultivars (Assiniboia, Bell and Baler) that were newly emerged cultivars as a result of extensive oat growing conditions in western Canada. A total tract digestibility trial using 24 sheep (n=6) in a completely random design was conducted to assess apparent digestibility of dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP), crude fat (EE), acid detergent fiber (ADF), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), hemicellulose, non-structural carbohydrate, acid detergent lignin (ADL), soluble crude protein (SCP), non-protein nitrogen (NPN) and neutral detergent insoluble crude protein (NDICP) in Assiniboia silage, Bell hay, Baler hay and Rosser (barley- Hordeum vulgare) silage. Rumen in situ degradability characteristics of DM, OM, CP, ADF and NDF were determined on Assiniboia silage, Bell hay, Baler hay and Rosser silage at 96 to 0 h using a Holstein cow fitted with a rumen fistula. A dairy production trial using 8 multiparous Holstein cows at 90±20 DIM averaging 41 kg d-1 milk yield, in a 2 × 3 switch-back design was conducted to compare the production response of the cows fed either 48 percent Assiniboia silage or Rosser silage (DM basis) in total mixed rations with the concentrate portion consisting mainly of rolled barley, canola meal and soy meal. Digestibility of DM, OM, NDF, NPN, NDICP and EE were not different for Assiniboia and Rosser silages. Digestibility of DM, NDF and ADF were similar for Baler hay and Rosser silage. Digestibility of hemicellulose, NSC and ADL were similar for all forages. Sheep voluntary intakes of DM, OM, NDF, ADF and EE, except CP were similar across the forages. Assiniboia silage provided more nutrients to the rumen than the hays due to the higher rumen disappearance and effective degradabilities of DM and CP, and lesser undegradable DM, CP, NDF and ADF (P
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
DepartmentAnimal and Poultry Science
ProgramAnimal and Poultry Science
SupervisorChristensen, David A.
CommitteeMcKinnon, John J.; Laarveld, Bernard; Jeranyama, Peter G.; Soita, Henry W.
Copyright DateSeptember 2003
total mixed ration