Extended affine lie algebras and extended affine weyl groups
This thesis is about extended affine Lie algebras and extended affine Weyl groups. In Chapter I, we provide the basic knowledge necessary for the study of extended affine Lie algebras and related objects. In Chapter II, we show that the well-known twisting phenomena which appears in the realization of the twisted affine Lie algebras can be extended to the class of extended affine Lie algebras, in the sense that some extended affine Lie algebras (in particular nonsimply laced extended affine Lie algebras) can be realized as fixed point subalgebras of some other extended affine Lie algebras (in particular simply laced extended affine Lie algebras) relative to some finite order automorphism. We show that extended affine Lie algebras of type A1, B, C and BC can be realized as twisted subalgebras of types A§¤(l ¡Ã 2) and D algebras. Also we show that extended affine Lie algebras of type BC can be realized as twisted subalgebras of type C algebras. In Chapter III, the last chapter, we study the Weyl groups of reduced extended affine root systems. We start by describing the extended affine Weyl group as a semidirect product of a finite Weyl group and a Heisenberg-like normal subgroup. This provides a unique expression for the Weyl group elements which in turn leads to a presentation of the Weyl group, called a presentation by conjugation. Using a new notion, called the index, which is an invariant of the extended affine root systems, we show that one of the important features of finite and affine root systems (related to Weyl group) holds for the class of extended affine root systems. We also show that extended affine Weyl groups (of index zero) are homomorphic images of some indefinite Weyl groups where the homomorphism and its kernel are given explicitly.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
DepartmentMathematics and Statistics
ProgramMathematics and Statistics
Copyright DateApril 1997
extended affine Lie algebras
extended affine Weyl groups