Instructional supervision : perceptions of Canadian and Ukrainian beginning high-school teachers
Kutsyuruba, Veniamin Venedyktovych
During the past several decades, instructional supervision and professional development have been identified as vehicles to enhance the performance of teachers. One of the most critical problems facing the profession is how to improve the development of beginning teachers. The purpose of the study was to examine beginning teachers’ perceptions of actual and ideal approaches to supervision and their perceived connection to professional development in Canadian and Ukrainian high schools. The study was based on the belief that the supervisory process should be a collaborative effort reflecting the professional concerns of the individual teacher. The study was based on the belief that the supervisory process should be a collaborative effort reflecting the professional concerns of the individual teacher. The conceptual framework dwelt upon supervisory choices for beginning teachers, namely collaboration with supervisors or peers, and self-reflection. Stemming from the need for improved supervision of teachers was a need to develop a connection between supervision and professional development for the purpose of instructional improvement. Quantitative and qualitative methods of inquiry were used in this study. The survey was used to elicit teachers’ points of view and to establish a profile of the supervision experiences of high school teachers in their first years of teaching in the areas of Saskatoon, Canada and Chernivtsi, Ukraine. The sample consisted of 22 teachers in Canada and 26 teachers in Ukraine. The qualitative data were obtained through the use of semi-structured interviews that incorporated open-ended questions. Interviews were conducted with four of the survey respondents in each country. Participants’ responses were analyzed according to the research questions and recurring themes. The findings revealed that in both countries beginning teachers desired more frequent use of supervision that meets their individual professional needs. A choice in supervisory approaches, better planning, and active involvement in decision making process regarding the supervisory practices were viewed as being beneficial for them. Beginning teachers advocated a need for supervision that promotes trust and collaboration, and that provides them with support, advice, and help. Respondents advocated supervision that is closely connected to professional development. They expressed the desire to grow professionally and improve their instruction in order to provide quality education for students. Participant responses, for the most part, aligned with the literature which indicated that beginning teachers need extensive supervisory assistance. A number of implications were derived for theory, practice, and further research.
DegreeMaster of Education (M.Ed.)
CommitteeNoonan, Warren; Carr-Stewart, Sheila; Billinton, Jack; Sackney, Lawrence (Larry)
Copyright DateAugust 2003