Effects of a non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor on ovarian function in cattle
Two studies were designed to characterize the effects of a non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor, letrozole, on ovarian function in cattle. The specific objective was to test the hypothesis that letrozole will arrest dominant follicle growth resulting in emergence of a new follicular wave at a predictable interval post-treatment. In a first experiment, postpubertal beef heifers were assigned randomly to four treatment groups and given phosphate-buffered saline (controls; n=10), or letrozole at a dose of 500 (n=9), 250 (n=10), or 125 (n=10) µg/kg intravenously 4 days after follicular ablation (~2.5 days after wave emergence). In a second study, postpubertal beef heifers were assigned randomly to four treatment groups. One group received no treatment (control; n=17) and the other groups (n=9-10) were given 85 µg/kg of letrozole per day (250 µg/kg total dose), from Days 1 to 3, Days 3 to 5, or Days 5 to 7 (Day 0 = pre-treatment ovulation,) corresponding to the periods before, during and after selection of the dominant follicle, respectively. Follicular dynamics were monitored ultrasonically and blood samples were collected for endocrine assays. Follicle diameter profiles and plasma LH, FSH, and estradiol concentrations were analyzed. Additionally, during the second trial, CL diameter profiles and plasma progesterone concentrations were measured. In both studies, the diameter profile of the dominant follicle was larger in heifers treated with letrozole than in control heifers (P
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
DepartmentVeterinary Biomedical Sciences
ProgramVeterinary Biomedical Sciences
SupervisorSingh, Jaswant; Adams, Gregg P.
CommitteeMapletoft, Reuben; Muir, Gillian; Carruthers, Terry; Pierson, Roger
Copyright DateJuly 2009