Childhood immunizations in four districts in rural Pakistan : a comparison of immunization uptake across study years (1994 and 1997) and an analysis of correlates
Horn, C. Maureen
Immunization has been used as an upstream, protective measure in public health for decades. Although immunization programs have been introduced in Pakistan, new and emerging infectious disease remains a concern in the country. The province of Sindh, Pakistan is of special concern because of its large rural population.The purpose of this study was to: 1) determine and compare complete and age-appropriate immunization uptake in children 12 to 36 months and birth to 9 months, respectively living in Sindh, Pakistan in 1994 and 1997; and 2) determine the correlates of complete and age-appropriate immunization in children 12 to 36 months and birth to 9 months, respectively living in Sindh, Pakistan in 1997.This study reviewed data that was collected as part of the School Nutrition Program (SNP) and Family Health Project (FHP) in 1994 and 1997, respectively. Analyses included immunization data on 1877 children from the SNP survey and 1694 children from the FHP survey.Females were found to have higher statistically significantly age-appropriate uptake than males in 1997 (p=0.015). Complete immunization status was also found to vary significantly by district of residence in 1994 and 1997 (p
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
DepartmentCommunity Health and Epidemiology
ProgramCommunity Health and Epidemiology
SupervisorShah, Syed M.
CommitteeMuhajarine, Nazeem; Janzen, Bonnie