Electronic structure of DNA and related biomolecules
MacNaughton, Janay Brianne
The electronic structures of the nucleobases, 5-fluorouracil compounds, DNA, metallic DNA, and samples of boron nitride are investigated. Soft X-ray absorption (XAS) and emission (XES) spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation are used to probe the unoccupied and occupied partial densities of electronic states, respectively. Hartree-Fock and density functional theory calculations have been included to compare with experimental results. A systematic approach to understanding the complicated electronic structure of DNA and metallic DNA systems is to initially examine smaller components. Detailed experiment and theory for both absorption and emission spectroscopy was. performed for the nucleobases and 5-fluorouracil compounds. Main transitions in the XAS and XES spectra are identified. X-ray spectroscopy has proven to be extremely sensitive to changes in the environment of various DNA samples. The local chemical environment plays an important role in determining the electronic structure of DNA. In agreement with previous results indicating metallic DNA is more efficient at the transfer of electrons than DNA, XES measurements reveal that there are a higher number of charge carriers in the metallic system. Both liquid and powder samples of (Ni)Â·M-DNA are found to have a high spin Ni(II) configuration. The drying process significantly alters the electronic structure of the metallic DNA sample. A comparison of high quality single crystals and thin films of boron nitride found that differences between the electronic structures of the nanocrystalline films and the single crystal samples exist, and the surface roughness of the substrate plays an important role in determining the structure of the resulting deposited film.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
DepartmentPhysics and Engineering Physics
ProgramPhysics and Engineering Physics
Copyright DateMay 2006
density functional theory