Droplet routing for digital microfluidic biochips based on microelectrode dot array architecture
A digital microfluidic biochip (DMFB) is a device that digitizes fluidic samples into tiny droplets and operates chemical processes on a single chip. Movement control of droplets can be realized by using electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) technology. DMFBs have high configurability, high sensitivity, low cost and reduced human error as well as a promising future in the applications of point-of-care medical diagnostic, and DNA sequencing. As the demands of scalability, configurability and portability increase, a new DMFB architecture called Microelectrode Dot Array (MEDA) has been introduced recently to allow configurable electrodes shape and more precise control of droplets. The objective of this work is to investigate a routing algorithm which can not only handle the routing problem for traditional DMFBs, but also be able to route different sizes of droplets and incorporate diagonal movements for MEDA. The proposed droplet routing algorithm is based on 3D-A* search algorithm. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm can reduce the maximum latest arrival time, average latest arrival time and total number of used cells. By enabling channel-based routing in MEDA, the equivalent total number of used cells can be significantly reduced. Compared to all existing algorithms, the proposed algorithm can achieve so far the least average latest arrival time.
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
SupervisorAnh v. Dinh; Daniel Teng
CommitteeRamakrishna Gokaraju; Khan A. Wahid; Dwight Makaroff
Copyright DateApril 2011
Microelectrode Dot Array Architecture