Modeling of positive-displacement dispensing process
Fluid dispensing is a method by which fluid materials are delivered to the targeted boards in a controlled manner and has been extensively applied in various packaging processes in the electronics assembly industry. In these processes, the flow rate of the fluid dispensed and/or the fluid amount transferred onto a board are two important performance indexes. Due to the involvement of the compressibility and non-Newtonian behaviour of the fluid being dispensed, modeling the fluid dispensing process has proven to be a challenging task. This thesis presents a study on the modeling of the positive displacement dispensing process, in which the linear displacement of a piston is used to dispense fluid. Also, this thesis presents an evaluation of different designs of the fluid dispensing system based on the axiomatic design principles. At first, the characterization of the flow behaviour of fluids used in the electronic packaging industry is addressed. Based on the previous experiments conducted in the author’s lab, a 3-parameter Carreau model for the fluid Hysol FP4451 is derived for use in the present study. Then, taking into account fluid compressibility and flow behaviour, a model is developed to represent the dynamics of the flow rate of the fluid dispensed. The resulting model suggests that the dynamics of the flow rate in the positive displacement dispensing process is equivalent to that of a second order system. Based on the model developed, the influences of the fluid compressibility and the process parameters such as the dispensing time and needle temperature are investigated by simulations. In the positive dispensing process, it is noticed that the fluid amount dispensed out of needle is different from the fluid amount finally transferred to the board, if the fluid amount dispensed is very small. This difference is considered one major problem affecting dispensing performance. In order to determine the fluid amount transferred to the board, a 3-step method is developed in the present study, based on existing theories of liquid bridges and Laplace’s equation. Simulations are conducted based on the developed method to study the influence of surface tension and initial fluid amount on the final fluid amount transferred onto the board. Finally, this thesis presents a new approach to evaluate and compare different designs of the fluid dispensing system, namely air-pressure, rotary-crew, and positive- displacement. In this approach, the axiomatic design principles, i.e., the Independence Axiom and the Information Axiom, are employed. This approach can be used not only to evaluate existing dispensing systems, but also to design new dispensing systems.
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
SupervisorChen, X. B. (Daniel)
CommitteeNiu, Hui; Bugg, James D.; Zhang, W. J. (Chris)