Resident quality of life and routinization in rural long term care facilities
Past research advocates the need for long-term care (LTC) facilities to adopt a person-centred model of care to optimize residents’ quality of life. The construct of quality of life in LTC has been defined by satisfaction with a set of domains identified by Kane and colleagues (2003). One goal of this study was to determine which domain is the most predictive of overall well-being among LTC residents in a rural setting. Based on past research and on Deci and Ryan’s (1985; 1991) self-determination theory, satisfaction with autonomy was predicted to emerge as most predictive of overall well-being. The present study also examined the relation between resident quality of life and well-being, and the degree of routinization (i.e., adherence to a rigid, inflexible daily schedule) within the LTC environment. Routinization is conceptually at odds with a person-centred model of care, yet its relation to the well-being of care recipients had not been examined prior. One hundred and ninety-eight residents from 15 LTC facilities in rural Saskatchewan participated in individual interviews to measure their satisfaction with 11 quality of life domains (Kane et al., 2003), and their overall well-being (using the Memorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness; MUNSH; Kozma & Stones, 1980). One hundred and thirty-one staff from the 15 facilities completed a questionnaire designed to assess routinization within the LTC environment. Contrary to predictions, autonomy failed to emerge as a significant predictor of overall well-being among sample residents. The domain of meaningful activity received residents’ lowest satisfaction rating of the 11 domains, and also accounted for the most unique variance in overall well-being. Routinization was negatively related to resident quality of life, with staff rating routinization higher in facilities which residents reported lower satisfaction with quality of life. Results provide focus for improving the quality of life of LTC residents, and point to areas for further study.
DegreeMaster of Arts (M.A.)
SupervisorLawson, Karen L.
CommitteeStewart, Norma J.; Grant, Peter R.
Copyright DateDecember 2006
rural health care
quality of life
long term care