Source Water Protection Planning in Metropolitan Canada
Al Ibrahim, Azhar
Source Water Protection (SWP) is recognized as the first barrier in the multi-barrier approach to reduce the risk of drinking water contamination. In Canada, provincial water agencies and municipalities lead most of the water management responsibility based on provincial regulations. However, SWP planning and implementation is variable across jurisdictions and influenced by different factors related to local capacity. Much of the water resources literature is focused on capacity-building limitations faced by small and rural water system operators. The purpose of this research is to investigate capacity-building limitations faced by metropolitan water system operators. Information from a questionnaire and document review in four selected Canadian metropolitan areas was gathered and analysed in this study. The results of this study show variability of SWP planning uptake as well as variability in approach toward SWP implementation. While large metropolitan areas may appear to possess ready access to financial capital, technical capability, and other forms of capacity to undertake SWP, the results of this research indicate the opposite. Metropolitan areas in Canada remain reliant on advanced water treatment and other engineering solutions to provide safe drinking water as opposed to SWP planning that invests in preventative measures through land use planning mechanisms. The results of this research contribute to the knowledge and understanding of SWP particularly as applied to metropolitan Canada.
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
DepartmentGeography and Planning
CommitteeHackett, Paul; Aitken, Alec
Copyright DateJune 2015
Source Water protection, multi-barrier approach, drinking water quality, metropolitan areas.