Improved compressed sensing algorithm for sparse-view CT
In computed tomography (CT) there are many situations where reconstruction may need to be performed with sparse-view data. In sparse-view CT imaging, strong streak artifacts may appear in conventionally reconstructed images due to the limited sampling rate, compromising image quality. Compressed sensing (CS) algorithm has shown potential to accurately recover images from highly undersampled data. In the past few years, total variation (TV)-base compressed sensing algorithms have been proposed to suppress the streak artifact in CT image reconstruction. In this paper, we formulate the problem of CT imaging under transform sparsity and sparse-view constraints, and propose a novel compressed sensing-based algorithm for CT image reconstruction from few-view data, in which we simultaneously minimize the ℓ1 norm, total variation and a least square measure. The main feature of our algorithm is the use of two sparsity transforms: discrete wavelet transform and discrete gradient transform, both of which are proven to be powerful sparsity transforms. Experiments with simulated and real projections were performed to evaluate and validate the proposed algorithm. The reconstructions using the proposed approach have less streak artifacts and reconstruction errors than other conventional methods.
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
DepartmentElectrical and Computer Engineering
SupervisorWahid, khan; Babyn, Paul
CommitteeDinh, Anh; Bui, Francis; Sowa, Artur
Copyright DateOctober 2013
Compressed Sensing, Computed Tomography, streak artifacts, sparse view