Simulating a Heat And Moisture transfer Panel (HAMP) for maintaining space humidity
The main objective of this thesis research is to test the applicability of a novel heat and moisture transfer panel (HAMP) in an office building to control the space humidity. A HAMP is a panel that uses a liquid desiccant to add or remove heat and moisture to or from a space. This thesis research uses the TRNSYS computer package to model an office building in four different cities representing four climatic conditions. The cities are Saskatoon, Saskatchewan; Chicago, Illinois; Phoenix, Arizona; and Miami, Florida; representing cold-dry, cool-humid, hot-dry, and hot-humid climates, respectively. The HAMP is employed in the office building with a radiant ceiling panel (RCP) system. Three other HVAC systems are examined and compared to the system employing the HAMP. The systems are: a conventional all-air system, a RCP system with 100% outdoor air, a RCP system with a parallel dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS), and the RCP system with the HAMP and 100% outdoor air. In the latter, the HAMP covers 10% of the ceiling area and uses lithium chloride solution as the liquid desiccant at different temperatures and concentrations. The results show that the HAMP is able to control the space humidity within the control limits in all climates. The HAMP also shows the ability to provide better humidity control than the other systems as it directly responds to the space latent loads. The HAMP is able to control the relative humidity between 26% RH and 62%, 24% RH and 57% RH, 27% RH and 60%, and 40% RH and 62% RH in Chicago, Saskatoon, Phoenix, and Miami, respectively. The HAMP is able to achieve a relative humidity of 35% in Chicago, Saskatoon, and Phoenix for 14%, 13%, and 20% of the working hours of the year, respectively. It is also able to achieve a relative humidity of 60% in Chicago, and Miami 10% and 55% of the working hours of the year, respectively. The results also show the potential of the RCP system with the HAMP to reduce the total energy consumed by a conventional all-air system in the hot climates by 40%, and 54% in Miami and Phoenix respectively, and in the cold climates by 14% and 23% in Saskatoon and Chicago, respectively.
DegreeMaster of Science (M.Sc.)
SupervisorSimonson, Carey J.
CommitteeSumner, David; Besant, Robert; Soltan, Jafar
Copyright DateSeptember 2012