Bourgeois Letters: Language Planning as an Avanue of Social Engineering in Ukraine (1919-1938)
At present, the Ukrainian population in Ukraine, and Ukrainian émigrés abroad are using two different orthographical systems. The issue of which of the two codes of Ukrainian can be considered legitmate standard Ukrainian is the subject of many emotionally charged debates in Ukraine and within the Ukrainian community in the West. This research focused on the events, processes, and politics that had led to the emergence of the two orthographic codes of Ukrainian, as well as on the social engineering efforts that had accompanied each stage of language planning. Books and publications on the history of Ukraine, language planning and government policies in Ukraine, Imperial Russia and the Soviet Union have been examined alongside with the theory of types of social engineering to reveal how government policies reflected on selection, codification, elaboration and securing acceptance stages of language planning. Outcome of the study of political impact on standard Ukrainian may be of interest to scholars researching language planning in the context of bilingual societies and political power. It may be used to explain to students of Ukrainian how the differences between the orthographies used in the West and in Ukraine came into existence. Awareness and understanding of the historical roots and political context of the development of the existing standards of Ukrainian may assist individuals involved in and effected by this polarizing issue to find shared concepts, and begin appreciating the existing diversity of the language.
DegreeMaster of Arts (M.A.)
DepartmentLanguages and Linguistics
CommitteeParkinson, David; McDermid, Paul
Copyright DateDecember 2011