The effect of pulse crop rotation and controlled-release urea on The N accumulation and end-use quality of CWRS wheat
Spring wheat was grown at Carman in 2000 and 2001, and at Brandon, MB, in 2001, on field pea and flax stubble at three rates of N (0, 30, and 90 kg N ha-1) supplied as ammonium nitrate (AN) or controlled release urea (CRU), a polyurethane-coated urea. Wheat was grown in 2000 and 2001 at Swift Current, SK, on field pea and durum stubble at three rates of urea N (34, 50, and 78 kg N ha-1) based on soil test recommendations. Wheat grown on field pea stubble (P-W) had higher protein content (PC) than wheat grown on flax/durum stubble (F-W) at four of the five sites evaluated. Contrary to expectations, post-anthesis apparent net mineralized N and proportion of total N uptake were higher for F-W compared to P-W at the Carman 2000 and Brandon 2001 sites. Differences between fertilizer N sources were minor. Breadmaking quality of the wheat end-use quality was also assessed. At the same flour protein content (FPC), P-W had a shorter Mixograph dough development time, work input-to-peak, dough strength index, and breakdown resistance, and also tended to be more extensible than F-W.
annual grain legumes
fertilizer N source
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