Evaluation of biofungicides for control of clubroot on canola
Clubroot of canola, caused by the protist pathogen Plasmodiophora brassicae (Pb), is an emerging threat to canola production in western Canada. Effective/practical control options are currently lacking. This study was initiated to assess registered microbial fungicides for control of clubroot on canola. Selected biofungicides were initially applied as a soil drench and the fungicides Allegro and Ranman were also included for comparisons. Selected products were further evaluated at varying concentrations, soil drench volumes, and for seed treatment. At moderate disease pressure, the biofungicides Serenade and Prestop, as well as synthetic fungicides Allegro and Ranman were highly effective as a soil-drench treatment, reducing clubroot severity by 85–100% in controlled conditions. Biofungicide concentration appeared to be important while soil-drench volumes may be reduced. All products, however, were significantly less effective or ineffective under extremely high disease pressure. All products were less efficacious in trials using infested field soils, a circumstance that may be related to treatment timing. Results from seed-treatment trials were too variable to draw a conclusion but there was a strong indication that this approach be successful though more research is required on microbial formulations. Serenade, Prestop, Allegro, and Ranman should be further evaluated under field conditions for clubroot control.
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