Can tillage and agronomy be integrated with herbicide application to control resistant weeds?
The prevalence of group 2 resistant broadleaved weeds threatens successful lentil production on the Canadian Great Plains. The objective of this study was to develop an integrated weed management strategy combining physical, cultural and chemical weed control methods for lentil producers dealing with group 2 resistant wild mustard. The study was conducted for 3 years between 2011 and 2013 at 2 locations at Saskatoon and Scott, Saskatchewan. It was a randomized two way factorial with weed control method and seeding rate as the main effects. Weed control treatments tested consisted of a control treated with a glyphosate burnoff, saflufenacil (Heat ™) herbicide, rotary hoeing, half rate metribuzin (Sencor ™) herbicide, a fully integrated treatment, and a full herbicide treatment. Three seeding rates representing 1, 2, and 4 times the recommended seeding rate were tested (130, 260, and 520 plants m-2). Increasing seeding rate consistently lowered mustard biomass at both locations. The full herbicide treatment provided the greatest reduction in mustard biomass followed by the integrated treatment. The integrated treatment relied more on increased seeding rate to reduce mustard biomass and produce yield, and at the highest seeding rate it was able to provide equivalent yield to the full herbicide system. The results of this study show that an integrated system utilizing an increased seeding rate can control resistant weeds and maintain yields to a similar level as a strategy that relies only on herbicides for weed control.
integrated weed management
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