CHALLENGES FOR CHINESE INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY GRADUATE STUDENTS IN CANADIAN ANGLOPHONE CLASSROOMS
Huang, Mengyan 1979-
As globalization is affecting all aspects of civilization in the first decade of the 21st century, global higher education is on the cusp of a transformation period. University students from Mainland China encounter a great many challenges in cross-cultural communications while studying in Western countries like Canada. This thesis explores and analyzes the challenges that Chinese international university graduate students (CIUGSs) at Master’s level are encountering in Canadian Anglophone classrooms by identifying the challenges, causes of these challenges and the impacts of these challenges. I address the above three research questions through the lens of a multi-method qualitative approach that includes participant observation, individual interviews and a study of my own experiences. To answer the above three research questions, the six-dimensions of culture (Hofstede, Hofstede, & Minkov, 2010) and the theory of capital (Bourdieu,1986) are employed to analyze the findings. The findings of this study identify that different features of the six-dimensions of culture between Canada and Mainland China cause considerable challenges for CIUGSs in participating in class activities. Furthermore, this study aligns with five of the six-dimensions but does not agree with the judgment of Hofstede et al. (2010), which categorized Chinese culture as having weak uncertainty avoidance. Additionally, it is asserted that the lack of a decent quality of various forms of Canadian capital generates difficulties for CIUGSs and may engender inequity in Canadian classrooms. This study indicates that Chinese features in the six-dimensions of culture engender obstacles for CIUGSs in obtaining Canadian capitals. To better participate in cross-cultural communications in Canadian classrooms, CIUGSs have to obtain sufficient quality of Canadian forms of capital, in this way, their Canadian habitus is cultivated gradually. Eventually their cultural attributes in the six-dimensions can be altered to approach Canadian style and, as a result, their performance in class activities can be enhanced. To better help CIUGSs to improve their performance in Canadian university Anglophone classrooms, suggestions for CIUGSs, instructors and university administrators are provided in this study.
DegreeMaster of Education (M.Ed.)
CommitteeCottrell, Michael; Newton, Paul; Xiao, Jing; Koole, Marguerite
Copyright DateOctober 2017
the six-dimensions of culture
the theory of capital