Protestant Home Missionaries in Saskatchewan and the Concept of Applied Christianity, 1918-1930
Kaiser, Kenneth R
The purpose of this study is to examine Protestant home mission work in Saskatchewan throughout the 1920's, in particular the treatment of Continental European immigrants. The thesis deals with Methodist, Presbyterian, and, after 1925, united Church home missions, and focuses on three areas: medical treatment, education, and socialization of the immigrants. It examines the goals, methods, and successes or failures of home missionaries as one of the main agents of Canadianization during the early part of the twentieth century, while, at the same time, using local institutions as examples. Saskatchewan became a focal point for missionary activity in Western Canada because of the great numbers of foreign-born immigrants entering the province. Throughout the course of home mission work, evangelism, although always present, was relegated to a secondary position. Canadianization of the immigrants took precedence, and was taught in the medical missions, Presbyterian school-homes, social settlements, settlement houses, school fairs, summer schools, and vacation schools throughout Saskatchewan. It was a prime example of what Protestant home missionaries believed to be "applied Christianity."