THE NEWO ASINIAK SITE: A MULTI COMPONENT BISON PROCUREMENT SITE IN CENTRAL SASKATCHEWAN
Kelly, David L
The Newo Asiniak Site is located approximately 2.5 kilometers north of the city of Saskatoon. The site is one of many located within the Wanuskewin Heritage Park on land owned by the Meewasin Valley Authority. Archaeological excavations were undertaken during the field seasons of 1984 and 1985. These studies revealed two distinct activity areas within the site. At the base of an approximately 3 meter cliff is a bison kill area. This portion of the site consists of two probable kill horizons with no distinct stratigraqphic separation. The second portion of the site is the processing area within which a total of seven distinct cultural occupations were uncovered. Level one at the Newo Asiniak center site area is composed of an Plains Side-Notched occupation, while level two has been identified as an Avonlea component. Level three has been recorded as a Besant occupation and level four appears to be associated with the Pelican Lake complex. Levels five, six and seven were devoid of diagnostic artifacts and only radiometric dates have been procured for them. There may be cultural associations between the center site area and the kill area which represents a Late Prehistoric bison procurement site.