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The role of reactive oxygen species in the retrograde chloroplast-nucleus signalling pathway
Photosynthetic organisms are particularly susceptible to photooxidative stress, because they are dependent on light energy for converting carbon dioxide into organic compounds and as a by-product, generate high levels of ...
Biological Functions of Arabidopsis TGA1 and TGA4 Transcription Factors
Plant immune system comprises three main layers. Recognition of conserved microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) initiates the first layer of immune response, known as MAMP-triggered immunity (MTI). However successful ...
Exploring causative and modifying factors of metal mine effluent toxicity using short-term multi-trophic artificial stream systems
Metal mines release treated effluents that contain a variety of metals, metalloids, and organics into the aquatic environment. A number of metal mine effluents (MMEs) have been found to contribute to adverse effects in ...
THE POLYKETIDE ORIGINS OF CANNABINOIDS IN CANNABIS SATIVA
Phytocannabinoids are the active substances responsible for the medicinal and psychotropic effects of Cannabis sativa. Although the bioactivity of cannabis and its preparations have been known for millennia, several steps ...